Congenital syphilis is an infection that is contracted during the delivery of a baby. Syphilis is a disease that is transmitted during any sex act if one or more of the partners is infected. Also, an infected mother can transmit the infection to her unborn fetus. Syphilis develops in numerous ways, and this includes the fetus manifesting Mulberry Molars. When this happens, this results in horrible complications for the child.
The symptoms of inborn syphilis usually develop during childbirth. This is what happens to children when the mother has syphilis. Many times, this causes miscarriages, stillbirths, premature births or death. Survivors of this disease normally have severe complications throughout life because symptoms get worse as time goes on.
Treponema pallidum is the active component of syphilis. It is a part of the spirochaete bacterium, and it stains very badly with regular bacterium stains. Spirochaete bacterium does not have the enzymes that are required to make molecules that can build a compound organism. This means that it depends on its host. This results in a young child losing plenty of weight and getting plenty of infections in life.
The incubation period for this particular disease is anywhere from 14 to 30 days. Noticeable symptoms will depend on the severity of the infection and the state that it is in. When the infection first manifests, the infected area has sores that are filled with pus. Although the person with the infection does not feel any pain, it is advised that they do not touch the infected areas. The infected areas have pus that contains spirochetes. This pus can spread the infection to other parts of the body because it is in liquid form.
Infants that have congenital syphilis have signs of deformity. This happens because of growth abnormalities during the zygote phase of pregnancy. As a result, the baby is born without some of its body parts. This means that deformities exist at birth. Sometimes, babies are born with stunted growth. This is apparent when the child has a hard time taking its first step, or when the child is having problems speaking.
Other symptoms consist of rashes, anemia, a swollen liver, fever, and a swollen spleen. Sometimes, signs of this disease are not undetected until its later stages. At this point, it is usually too late to treat the disease. During the later stages of the disease, the symptoms are much more severe. This could consist of bad medical conditions such as missing teeth, eye damage, brain damage, and weak bones.
This is why it is recommended that all pregnant women get antenatal testing and screening. Early detection during the early stages of pregnancy means that the child can be treated. If the disease is detected after the birth of the child, this results in dietary problems. This normally leads to weight loss and rhinorrhea.
Most of the time, children 2 and younger get inborn syphilis. This means that they suffer from things such as skeletal abnormalities, pneumonia, skin infections, corneal irritation, tooth gaps, blindness, and deafness.
Inborn syphilis can only be prevented if the mother is tested and treated before her baby is born. This is done to ensure that the fetus is not touched by the infection. This is the only way to make sure that the child is not subjected to horrible abnormalities after birth. Most of the time, inborn syphilis is preventable if a pregnant woman is treated before the 4th month of pregnancy. Keep in mind that it’s possible for a fetus to be infected within the first trimester of pregnancy. This is why it is imperative that testing and treatment are done as soon as possible.
This disease can also spread during the delivery of the baby. So, it is advised that pregnant women have their babies delivered in hospitals that are equipped to handle this type of difficult birth. This helps decrease the risk of the infection being spread. Remember, that the infection can be spread via liquid pus.
Thus, if a child is born with inborn syphilis, and he is in a good hospital, doctors can quickly administer an antibiotic. This helps to reduce the spread of the disease, but it does not stop the symptoms from appearing in the future. It is just an extra precaution to ensure that the disease does not spread to other parts of the body.